Discuss Canada’s Role in Global Development

Canada’s Role in Global Development… Charity or Social Justice? IMPORTANT: The country given is Kenya looking into their poverty. The CSO is Red Cross Canada. This is the specific topic given to me. Background: Throughout this course we have examined how the lives of people in different parts of the world are interconnected through processes of economic, political and cultural globalization. In recent decades there has been a significant growth of civil society organizations (CSOs) in Canada and across the globe. CSOs (also called non- governmental organizations, NGOs, non-profit organizations, and sometimes faith-based organizations) are independent of government, though they sometimes accept government funding. In the lectures you are learning about the work of CSOs in raising awareness of issues of human rights, social justice and environmental sustainability. But what exactly is ‘civil society’? And what is the role of CSOs? To what extent do they use a ‘charity model’ versus a ‘social justice model’ to frame and guide their work? The Goal: Using an example of a Canadian CSO with operations in another country, you will examine to what extent these organizations respond to the principles of social justice advanced by the Canadian Council for International Cooperation (CCIC). Conversely, you will examine to what extent the ‘charity model’ defines their work. Key Concepts: Geographers and others have defined civil society in various ways. For example, the United Nations defines civil society as the “third sector” of society, alongside government and business. Scholars often point to the organized nature of ‘civil society’, and focus on those organizations and movements that are not capitalist enterprises organized around making profit. As such, civil society is a distinct sphere that is separate from states, governments and businesses. They are also not international governmental organizations (IGOs, also called ‘intergovernmental organizations’), like the United Nations or the World Bank, whose members are governments. Some CSOs, including the one you will study in this assignment, focus on issues related to other countries. Two models for CSO work are: Ø The ‘charity model’, motivated by individual responsibility for the wellbeing of others. People with access to more resources are able to assist those who are poor or otherwise marginalized. This model is critiqued as paternalistic and responsible for reinforcing existing power imbalances in the world; Ø The ‘social justice model’, focused on collective/long-term action that seeks to reshape global connections between different countries, societies, peoples and individuals through an analysis of power and by addressing longstanding inequality produced by colonialism, racism, sexism, and so on. One critique of the model is that it is less effective in addressing pressing needs. 1 Detailed Instructions: In this assignment, you will examine the work of one Canadian CSO in another country of the world, assessing to what extent their work employs a charity versus a social justice approach, and also how their work responds to one of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Make notes at each step to inform your written assignment: – First, learn about the SDGs and choose one of the SDGs as the focus of your assignment. Use the SDGs Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs). – Second, learn about the CCIC, the key umbrella organization (an organization that represents other organizations) for Canadian-based CSOs that do work in other parts if the world (www.ccic.ca). Pay particular attention to what they require of organizations that want to join the CCIC. Go to the “what we do” and “our members” tabs. Review the “Code of Ethics and Operational Standards” booklet: http://archive.ccic.ca/_files/en/about/001_code_of_ethics_booklet_e.pdf. – Third, choose a Canadian organization that is a member of the CCIC to examine for this assignment (there are nearly 80 organizations to choose from). To find the list of CCIC members, scroll to the bottom of the CCIC homepage and click on “Our Members” and then on “List of CCIC members”. You can also paste this URL into your browser and then click on the list: https://ccic.ca/our-members/. Click on the organizations that interest you to connect to their websites. You need to find an organization that does work that relates to the SDG you have chosen and does this work in the country that is the focus of your assignment. – Fourth, learn about how your country of focus is doing in terms of the Sustainable Development Goal you have chosen. To do this, go to your SDG on the SDGs Knowledge Platform (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/) and review the Targets and Indicators associated with your SDG. Choose one or two indicators of those listed that are relevant to the work of your chosen CSO and find relevant statistical data on this indicator(s) for your country by doing an online search of the terms. Include the information you find from reliable sources (recall the PARCA test from SPARK) in your paper. – Fifth, thoroughly examine the organization’s website (and social media) so that you can describe their work. Consider how they conform to the standards and agenda of the CCIC. Also, assess the work they do in the country of your choosing in light of the UN Sustainable Development Goal(s) on which you are focused and in light of the standards and agenda set by the CCIC. – Sixth, find a recent independent source (a newspaper, blog, etc.) that you consider reliable (recall the PARCA test from SPARK) and that addresses the issue(s), country and/or organization you have examined. Cite this source and reference it in your analysis. How does this source affect your view of the organization and its work? – Seventh, read one of the two scholarly articles listed below that discuss the concept of civil society and the role of civil society organizations. How does this source affect your view of the work of the organization you have studied? Use the author’s ideas to further analyze the work of the organization you are considering. Cite this source and refer to it in your analysis. – Eighth, read one of the two non-scholarly articles from the second list below that discuss the differences and similarities of a charity approach versus a social justice approach. Think about whether you see the work of the CSO you have considered as classic “charity”, i.e. trying to “help” without thought to how their work conforms to the tenets of social justice and undoing-oppressions. Cite this source and refer to it in your analysis. – Ninth, compare your CSO to one other CSO by reviewing the analysis of one of your colleagues. Scholarly Articles on Civil Society and the role of CSOs: Kaldor, M. (2003.) The idea of global civil society. International Affairs, 79(3), 583-593. https://journals-scholarsportal- info.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/details/00205850/v79i0003/583_tiogcs.xml Sheikh, K.S., Ahmad, K., Farooq, A. and Alvi, F.S. (2017.) Concept and conception of civil society in western and Islamic traditions: A comparative analysis of secular and Islamic Faith-based civil society practitioners in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Journal of Political Studies, 24(1), 191-225. Open access: http://pu.edu.pk/home/journal/6/Previous-Issue.html Non-scholarly articles on ‘charity’ versus ‘social justice’ model: Addams, J. (1910.) Charity and Social Justice. The North American Rev., 192 (656), 68-81. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25106710?seq=13#page_scan_tab_contents Alexander, D. (2010.) Responsibility to the poor: A matter of justice, not charity. The Guardian, October 8. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty- matters/2010/oct/08/douglas-alexander-responsibility-poor-justice Other Scholarly articles you may want to use (optional) Amagoh, F. (2015.) Improving the credibility and effectiveness of non-governmental organizations. Progress in Development Studies, 15(3), 221-239. https://journals-scholarsportal- info.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/details/14649934/v15i0003/221_itcaeono.xml Castells, M. (2008.) The new public sphere: Global civil society, communication networks, and global governance. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 616(1), 78-93. https://journals-scholarsportal- info.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/details/00027162/v616i0001/78_tnpsgcscnagg.xml Dupuy, K., Ron, J. and Prakash, A. (2016.) Hands off my regime! Governments’ restrictions on foreign aid to non-governmental organizations in poor and middle- income countries. World Development, 84, 299-311. https://journals-scholarsportal- info.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/details/0305750x/v84icomplete/299_homrgroipamc.xml Mawdsley, E. (2017.) Development geography 1: Cooperation, competition and convergence between ‘North’ and ‘South.’ Progress in Human Geography, 41(1), 108- 117. http://journals.sagepub.com.ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/doi/full/10.1177/0309132515601 776 104354 6 minutes ago

Video with step by step details on assignment https://www.youtube.com/watch?embed=no&v=Zg9d6k51JgY